CountryFacts.com > Chad
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Chad
Capital:
N'Djamena
Population:
9,538,544 (July 2004 est.)
Flag
Background:
Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of ethnic warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually suppressed or came to terms with most political-military groups, settled a territorial dispute with Libya on terms favorable to Chad, drafted a democratic constitution, and held multiparty presidential elections in 1996 and 1997. In 1998, a new rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which sporadically flares up despite two peace agreements signed in 2002 and 2003 between the government and the rebels. Despite movement toward democratic reform, power remains in the hands of a northern ethnic oligarchy.
Government type:
republic
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $10.67 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
15,000 (2002)
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