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Pakistan
Capital:
Islamabad
Population:
159,196,336 (July 2004 est.)
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Background:
The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved. A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. The dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing, but recent discussions and confidence-building measures may be a start toward lessened tensions.
Government type:
federal republic
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $318 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
1.5 million (2002)
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