CountryFacts.com > Papua New Guinea
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Papua New Guinea
Capital:
Port Moresby
Population:
5,420,280 (July 2004 est.)
Flag
Background:
The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Government type:
constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $11.48 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
75,000 (2002)
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