CountryFacts.com > Swaziland
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Swaziland
Capital:
Mbabane; note - Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital
Population:
1,169,241
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)
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Background:
Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured the monarchy (one of the oldest on the continent) to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection
Government type:
monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $5.702 billion (2003 est.)
Internet users:
27,000 (2003)
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