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   Market (2002)
Yemen Economy
GDP:
purchasing power parity - $15.09 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
2.8% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita:
purchasing power parity - $800 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 15.2%
industry: 45%
services: 39.7% (2003)
Investment (gross fixed):
29.1% of GDP (2003)
Population below poverty line:
15.7% (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3%
highest 10%: 25.9% (2003)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
33.4 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
10.8% (2003 est.)
Labor force:
5.79 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Unemployment rate:
35% (2003 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $3.729 billion
expenditures: $4.107 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Public debt:
39.5% of GDP (2003)
Industries:
crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement
Industrial production growth rate:
3% (2003 est.)
Electricity - production:
3.01 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
2.8 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production:
438,500 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption:
74,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports:
NA (2001)
Oil - imports:
NA (2001)
Oil - proved reserves:
3.2 billion bbl (1 January 2002)
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2001 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
480 billion cu m (1 January 2002)
Agriculture - products:
grain, fruits, vegetables, pulses, qat (mildly narcotic shrub), coffee, cotton; dairy products, livestock (sheep, goats, cattle, camels), poultry; fish
Current account balance:
$157 million (2003)
Exports:
$3.92 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities:
crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish
Exports - partners:
China 28.5%, Thailand 18.3%, India 14%, South Korea 10.5%, Malaysia 5.1% (2003 est.)
Imports:
$3.042 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities:
food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Imports - partners:
UAE 13.5%, Saudi Arabia 10.8%, China 9.4%, US 5.2%, Kuwait 4.7%, France 4.3% (2003 est.)
Reserves of foreign exchange & gold:
$5.009 billion (2003)
Debt - external:
$6.044 billion (2003)
Economic aid - recipient:
$2.3 billion (2003-07 disbursements)
Currency code:
YER
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